The Tongue of the Cat
Have you ever wondered why your cat’s tongue is rough and bristly, and feels like sandpaper on your skin?
The papillae that extend from the central region of the tongue are encased by keratin, and form tiny, backward-facing barbs, which help your cat (and all cats!) scrape meat from bones, and comb detritus from fur. The Felidae are obligate carnivores, and in the wild, must get as much nutriment from each fleshy meal as possible; many wild cats have a less than 15% success rate for hunts, so getting as much as possible out of each kill is critical.
Felines also use their tongue for grooming. There are many types of grooming, but one of the primary reasons is obviously to clean themselves. As very few wild cats are the top of their local food chain (or prefer to remain as invisible as possible), obliterating any scent of a previous kill is critical. They also groom to cool off via evaporation, and during stressful situations, as a form of self-comfort or compulsion.
Did you know that your cat can’t taste sweets? Their copies of the genes that create the receptors for sugars are non-functional, and as such they can’t pick up that taste. When cats develop a habit of eating foods that we perceive as sweet, they’re after the underlying taste.
But don’t fret for your cat’s lost taste sensation! Unlike us, and most other mammals, felines can taste ATP! Yes, adenosine triphosphate, the substance that creates energy in all cells. The levels it’s present at are fairly low, even in the most blood-soaked muscles, but kitties can pick it up at miniscule amounts. When they can’t make their own kills, being able to detect the taste of ATP in foods they find is critical!
Anatomical Technology as Applied to the Domestic Cat. Burt G. Wilder and Simon H. Gage, 1886.
Cat Tongue: Science To Life
It’s what he would have wanted: The bizarre craze for all-female funeral marching bands sweeping Taiwan
Funerals don’t always have to be sombre occasions as this group of musicians shows.
In Taiwan families are taking a different approach to saying goodbye to their loved ones - by hiring all-female marching bands to perform during the service.
Complete with white Go-go boots and matching uniforms, the women twirl batons and play instruments while marching around the dead body.
(Source: Daily Mail)
I just had oregano oil for the first time today, and let me say. OMFG! How disgusting can something taste? But for the first time in hours I actually had 10 minutes to breath without coughing. Many huzzahs!
Placebo effect? I don’t know, but I will take it with a smile.
Quoted from Sarah Kendzior’s “Surviving the Post-Employment Economy"
“In the United States, nine percent of computer science majors are unemployed, and 14.7 percent of those who hold degrees in information systems have no job. Graduates with degrees in STEM - science, technology, engineering and medicine - are facing record joblessness, with unemployment at more than twice pre-recession levels. The job market for law degree holders continues to erode, with only 55 percent of 2011 law graduates in full-time jobs. Even in the military, that behemoth of the national budget, positions are being eliminated or becoming contingent due to the sequester.
It is not skills or majors that are being devalued. It is people.”
Her work is frank, speaking of a reality I hope that will never be mine. At the same time, it gives me a strange comfort to know that I am not alone.
WE’RE FUCKED ~ LET’S PAINT
Both of my grandmothers had master’s degrees. Both of my parents hold master’s degrees. Neither I nor any of my three sisters have even applied to grad school, because why? None of us can afford it. The three youngest of us, 34, 32, and 28 respectively, are all still paying for our undergrad degrees. None of us has ever earned as much in a year as our annual undergrad tuition cost.
Is it bad that this makes me feel *better* for the fact that even at 31, I’m the youngest of five who can barely support herself? Because all of my siblings, for all of the struggles and pitfalls they’ve had, they’ve always been looking for work in better economies that had work for them?
I’m definitely one of the older ones and yeah, this still applies to me. Meh.
just get a stem degree they said, it’ll all be fine they said
If you are 35 or younger - and quite often, older - the advice of the old economy does not apply to you. You live in the post-employment economy, where corporations have decided not to pay people. Profits are still high. The money is still there. But not for you. You will work without a raise, benefits, or job security. Survival is now a laudable aspiration.